Cashmere wool, usually simply known as cashmere, sometime known as pashmina, this is type of yarn made from fibers which is obtained from Cashmere goat. The word “cashmere” is derives from an archaic spelling of Kashmir. Cashmere wool is fine texture, and it is strong, light and soft, Cashmere is extremely warm, when it is made into garments, they are extremely insulation warm to wear. Too much warmer than the regular sheep wool. Cashmere wool is very softer and lighter than regular wool.
CLASSIFICATION OF CASHMERE
Cashmere is characterized as luxuriously soft fiber, For the natural sheep fiber to be considered cashmere, it must be under 18 micrometers in diameter and at least 3.175 centimeters long. It is noted as providing a natural light-weight insulation without bulk. Cashmere is extremely warm (in order to serve its original purpose of protecting goats from cold mountain temperatures.) Fibers are highly adaptable and it easily constructed into fine or thick yarns, and light to heavy-weight fabrics. Appropriate for all climates, high moisture content allows insulation properties to change with the relative humidity in the air. The finest fibers are gathered from the saddle of the Cashmere goat; most of the cashmere comes off of the sides and back, from the shoulder to the rump. It is a misconception that the finest fibers come from the neck and belly, as these parts collect the most debris. If the goat is shorn, the fiber must be "de-haired" to remove the coarse, unusable guard hair. Sometimes the fine fibers are collected by combing the goat; either method is time consuming and tedious, thus the high cost of cashmere.
The original undyed or natural colors of cashmere wool is Grey, Brown and White. The fiber cashmere wool for clothing and textile articles is obtained from the cashmere domestic goats have been called (Capra hircus laniger), is a mammal belonging to the subfamily Caprinae of the family Bovidae. The goats produce a double fleece that consisting of the fine, soft undercoat or underdown of hair commingled with a straighter and much coarser outer coating of hair called guard hair. In order for the fine under wool to be classified and used as cashmere it must be dehaired. De-hairing is a mechanical process that separates the coarse hairs from the fine hair and after de-hairing the resulting “cashmere” is ready to be dyed to color and converted into yarn, fabrics and garments.
GATHERING & PRODUCTION
Mainly cashmere fiber are collected during the spring moulting season when the goats naturally shed their winter coat. In the Northern Hemisphere or depend on the weather and the region, the goats moult over a beginning period as early as March and as late as May. Historically, The finest fiber are obtained from the saddle of the cashmere goat side and back, from the shoulder to the rump. It is a misconception of the finest fiber obtain from the neck and belly, as these parts collect the most debris fiber. If the goat is shorn, the fiber must be "de-haired" to remove the coarse, unusable guard hair. Sometimes the fine fibers are collected by combing the goat; either method is time consuming and tedious, Ultra- fine Cashmere or Pashmina is still produced by communities in Indian Kashmir but its rarity and high-price along with political in stability in the region; make it very hard to source and to regulate quality. It is estimated that on average yearly production per goat is 150 grams (about 1/3lb). Thus the high cost of cashmere. Early production of cashmere fiber.
China has become the largest producer of raw cashmere and current estimates of production put their annual clip at approximately 10,000 metrictons. Mongolia produces somewhat more than 3,000 tons annually with Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey, Pakistan, India and (Central Asian Republics) producing significant but lesser amounts. The total annual world clip is estimated to be in excess of 15,000 but less than 20,000 tons. After the natural animal grease, accumulated dirt and coarse hairs have been removed from the fleece creating “pure cashmere” is estimated there fined quantity is only about 6,500tons. It is estimated that up to 500 grams of fiber is produced per goat on average, with 150 grams of under-down. Pure cashmere can be dyed and spun into yarns and knit into sweaters, hats, gloves, socks and other apparel accessories items or woven into fabrics then cut and assembled into garments such as outer coats, jackets, pants, scarves, blankets, shawls and other highly luxurious and desirable items. The famous Avoca cashmere weaving founded in A.D. 1723 and it is the oldest cashmere mill in the Irelands, the village of Avoca was an incubator for the cashmere wool industry. It had the first power looms for woolen.TYPES OF FIBER
CASHMERE AND PASHMINA ARE SAME
There is lot of confusion about if pashmina is finest fabric than cashmere. But actually cashmere and pashmina is same type of fabric. Historically, Pashmina was more popular name which is spoken in India, Nepal, Pakistan and China. But cashmere is also more popular word in the other country of world.